Find Docs

International Centre for Research and Training on Seabuckthorn - Country Reports (Page 4)

Wodocs >> Science : Biology >> International Centre for Research and Training on Seabuckthorn Country Reports Page 4
International Centre for Research and Training on Seabuckthorn - Country Reports
E-mail: icrts@public.east.cn.net]
Romania
Romania
Current Research Activities
The major objective of seabuckthorn
research in Romania has been the in-
troduction and popularization of se-
abuckthorn cultivation. During the first
stage (1975-1989), the Romanian wild
flora of some hilly areas in the Carpathi-
ans and around the Black Sea was ex-
plored. Numerous biotypes of Hippo-
phae rhamnoides
var. Carpatica were
identified in situ and were brought to the
Fruit Research Institute. The most valu-
able and interesting biotypes were
propagated and planted in experimental
plots. During the second stage (1989-
1999), the research work has focused
on the improvement and establishment
of cultivation technology: planting and
distancing systems, training and pruning
of trees, proper propagation and fruit
harvesting methods. The performance
of indigenous and exotic varieties and
selections, physio-chemical fruit char-
acteristics of different biotypes and other
aspects have been studied by the Insti-
tute. Moreover, studies on fruit proc-
essing and different uses of seabuck-
thorn products (nutrition, medicinal
uses, and cosmetics) were carried out.
Future Research Needs
1. Conservation, evaluation and devel-
opment of seabuckthorn genetic re-
sources.
2. Establishment of seabuckthorn
plantations with varieties having the
following characteristics: highly pro-
ductive, large fruits with long pedi-
cels for easy harvesting (by hand or
by shaking without moisture), and
higher picking efficiency.
3. Identification of new valuable geno-
types in the unexplored Romanian
wild flora.
4. More detailed analyses of biochemi-
cal fruit composition (carotene, oil,
amino acids and other components).
5. Studies of the effects of seabuck-
thorn planting on the improvement of
soil physical and chemical charac-
teristics.
6. Study of the symbiotic association
between the plants, fungi and bacte-
ria.
Perspectives for Research Co-operation
We are interested in exchange of
information and biological material. We
can participate in an international re-
search programme within the research
framework of the European Union or in
the context of bilateral co-operation with
countries that have advanced seabuck-
thorn research programmes.
[Submitted by Paulina Mladin, Fruit Research
Institute Pitesti-Maracineni, 0312 Pitesti, Arges,
Romania.
Tel.: +40 48632066, Fax: 486344292
E-mail:
icpp.fruitresearch@geostar.ro
]
Russia
Russia
Among fruit and berry plants culti-
vated in Siberia, seabuckthorn (
Hippo-
phae rhamnoides
L.) occupies a par-
ticular place. It is a dioecious, wind-
pollinated plant, growing as a bush or
small tree.
Current Research Activities
Breeders in Russia face the task of
creating new, highly productive, high-
quality varieties suitable for mechanical
harvesting because manual harvesting
has become a significant cost factor.
At the Institute for Cytology and Ge-
netics, together with the Novosibirsk
Regional Fruit Station, new varieties

<< Previous       1 2 3 4 5       Next >>



Other Documents:
Editorial, Initiatives, Editorial, Driftpdf, summarytable 1convert, aghort 2002, asbestos grass press release, asbestos grass survey, guta, inthadam, week 5menu, week3, week 2menu, week 3menu, week 5menu, week 6menu, fault tolerant, CC 2005 order form, Chocolate Almond Mousse Recipe Card, Glycemic Supp reprint, Low Carb Easy Tiramisu Recipe Card, commentary f 02, commentary f 03, commentary f 04, commfall, Abstract Form, Chemical disinfection Products, Prehospital Providers, WMSbrochure 1, fellowsbrochure web, Alyeska PDF, jackson hole reg, snowmass 2005, Alyeska reg, a1 1, a1 2, a1pskwd, code 39, instvms, instw 95, instwfw, wp 51 1, clvouch, info3, inord 1, providers, SIG Registration Procedures, RT 2004 registration, ABSTRACT, Call for Abstracts 2005,


WODocs | |
All rights reserved. wodocs.comę 2009
WODocs


New Docs

Documents Category:
Arts (Design, Movies, Music, Radio, Television)
Automotive (Cars, Marine, Motorcycle, ATV, Snowmobiles)
Business (Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Construction and Maintenance, Materials, Real Estate, Services)
Electronics (Computers, Motion Control, Power Supply)
Games (Board, Family, Party, Card, Construction, RC Toys)
Health (Animalm, Beauty, Healthcare, Medicine, Pharmacy, Surgery, Weight Loss)
Home (Accessories, Cooking, Decor and Design, Electrical, Family, Pets)
News (Newspapers, Sports, Television)
Recreation (Collecting, Hiking, Scouting, Survival, Travel)
Reference (Education, Libraries and Archives, Museums)
Science (Agriculture, Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry)
Shopping (Antiques and Collectibles, Clothing, Flowers, Food, Home and Garden)
Sports (Bicycle, Snowboard, Skiing, Other)