Category 1B: Strongly recommended for implementation and supported by some
experimental, clinical or epidemiological studies and a strong theoretical
Category 2: Suggested for implementation and supported by suggestive clinical or
epidemiological studies or a theoretical rationale.
Category 3: No recommendation. Conflicting or inadequate support by published
articles. Frequently this information is included in a controversy section.
This material is published by the Society for the use of its physician members. It is felt
that much of this material is appropriate for inclusion in lay instructional courses. This
edition does include significant input from the leadership of many of the commercial
prehospital care providers. For their help, the editor is grateful. In the editor's opinion,
their continued cooperation in an attempt to standardize and eventually gain legal
acceptance of these courses would be in the public's best interest.
The following persons either contributed directly to the writing, or were involved with
the review, of previous editions, of these Practice Guidelines.
COL Robert Allen, M.D., USAF
Paul S.Auerbach, M.D., M.S.
Wayne Askew, M.D.
Howard Backer, M.D.
Richard Banta, M.D.
Warren Bowman, M.D.
CPT Frank Butler, M.D., USN
Keith Conover, M.D.
Lily Conrad, M.D.
Richard Dart, M.D.
Fred Darvill, Jr., M.D
Anne Dickison, M.D.
Blair Erb, M.D.
John Feagin, Jr., M.D.
William Forgey, M.D
Luanne Freer, M.D..
Edward Geehr, M.D.
Gordon Giesbrecht, Ph.D
Paul Gill, Jr., M.D.
J. Richard Gorham, Ph.D.
Philip Goodman, M.D.
Melissa Gray, EMT-1/C
Colin Grissom, M.D.
Peter Hackett, M.D.
R. Scott Hammond, M.D.
William J. Henry, M.D.