growth of microbes. Remember, preventing the growth of
microbes and killing microbes are two different functions.
Sanitation practices do not kill microbes, but do help in the
prevention of the growth of microbes.
Rules of Infection Control are developed by area regulating
agencies to protect the consumer. These rules require
salons and cosmetology schools to keep the working areas,
styling implements and all equipment in a sanitary condi-
tion. To do so, salons employ infection control methods to
meet the required guidelines.
It is important that the salon be sufficiently ventilated so
that the air does not have a stale, musty odor or contain the
odor of sprays, bleaches and various chemical solutions.
The average room temperature should be about 70°
Fahrenheit (21° Celsius).
Care needs to be taken to maintain proper air conditioning
and air safety in the salon. The following guidelines pro-
vide an overview of various ventilation and sanitation
practices for a healthy environment:
· Air conditioners permit changes in the quality and
quantity of air brought into the salon as they cool,
dehumidify (remove moisture) and cleanse pollutants
from the air. Remember to change air filters as
· Forced-air furnaces heat the air and cleanse it, to a
degree. Remember to change air filters as needed.
· Exhaust fans help circulate the air but do not clean
it. Fans should always be positioned to draw air or
blow air away from stylists' and clients' faces.
· Air should be mechanically supplied through vents
and air returns and/or supplied by opening windows
and doors and using blower fans to circulate the
· Provide local exhaust ventilation for areas in which
chemicals are mixed or artificial nails are applied.
Always keep all bottles capped when not in use.
7. Provide clean restrooms, with
well stocked toilet tissue and
paper towels. Never use rest-
room areas for storage of
8. Provide disposable drinking cups.
Clean sinks and water fountains
9. Keep salon free from insects and
10. Never use the salon for cooking
or living quarters.
11. Empty waste receptacles daily.
12. Wear clean, freshly laundered
13. Use freshly laundered or dispos-
able towels on each client.
Never allow the protective cape
to touch the client's neck.
14. Never place tools, combs,
rollers or bobby pins, etc., in
your mouth or pockets.
15. Properly launder all client gowns
and headbands before reusing.
16. Store soiled towels in a covered
receptacle until laundered.
17. Launder towels/linens after each
use with an approved disinfectant
so they don't accumulate and
present a safety hazard (due to
chemicals that may be present).
18. Avoid touching your face, mouth
or eyes during services.
19. Never allow pets or animals in
service area, except for Service
Animals as identified in the
Americans with Disabilities Act.
20. Allow smoking only in designated
21. Dispense all semi-fluids and pow-
ders with a shaker, dispenser
pump, spray-type container, spat-
ula or disposable applicator.