George Mason to George Mason, Jr.
Gunston Hall, Virginia, 3 June 1781.
Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.
Dear George, Virginia, Gunston--Hall, June 3r
[inserted: some time ago]
Your Brother William writes you by this opportunity. He return'd [struck: is lately]
some time ago from South Carolina, where He commandid a company of Voluntiers (70 fine
young Fellows from this County), He had a rough campaign of it & has acquired the reputation
of a vigilant & good officers, I think is greatly improved by the expedition. Your Brother
Thomson has [struck: since] returned from a Tour of Militia Duty upon James River; he
commandid a platoon, in a pretty close Action, at Wm
burg & behaved with proper Coolness &
Intrepidity. He is now from Home, or wou'd have wrote to you.
I have written you very fully lately, upon domestic Subjects; but am not able to give you
any agreeable public News. Our Affairs have been for some time growing from bad to worse.
The Enemy's Fleet commands our Rivers, & puts it in their power to remove their Troops from
place to place, when, & where they please without opposition; so that we no sooner collect a
Force sufficient to counteract them in one part of the Country, but they shift to another, ravaging,
plundering, & destroying everything before them. our Militia turn out with great Spirit, & have
in several late Actions, behaved bravely, but they are badly armed, & appointed.
General Green, with ab
1200 regular Troops & some is in South Carolina; where He has
taken all the Enemy's Posts, except Charles Town. The Enemy's capital Object, at this time,
seems to be Virginia.- General Philips died  lately in Petersburg, upon which the Command of
the British Troops there devolved upon Arnold, but Lord Cornwallis, quiting North Carolina, has
since joined Arnold, with about 1200 Infantry & 300 Horse, & taken the chief Command of their
Army in Virginia, now consisting of about 5000 men; they have crossed James River, & by the
last Accounts, were at their light horse having advanced as far as Hanover Court House: they
have burned Pages Warehouses, when the greatest part of the York River Tob
was collect; they